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MUSIC

KLU Science App

MUSIC

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All living things need food to make energy
Plants are able to make their own food with sunlight, air and water
Animals need to get energy
Either by eating plants or other animals

Because all living things depend on other living things
And they use their environment for their survival

And within an ecosystem plants are the producers
Because they’re able to make their own food
While animals and humans, we are the consumers
We eat other organisms to live
And within an ecosystem exist the decomposers
They breakdown all the dead things from the soil

There are 3 types of consumers
The ones who eat plants are herbivores
The ones who eat them are carnivores
And the ones who eat plants and animals are omnivores

An animal that hunts another animal
To eat him and get some energy is a predator
The animal that gets hunted by another animal
And gets eaten as food is called a prey

And within an ecosystem all energy is transferred
From the sun to plants then animals
This transfer’s called a food chain everybody’s part of it
This involves all plants and animals
And I bet you’ve heard of food webs they tie it all together
These are made of two or more food chains

Animals eat a variety of foods
Helping energy flow in a community
All living things live in perfect harmony
Keeping a very delicate balance

All living things need food to make energy
Plants are able to make their own food with sunlight, air and water
Animals need to get energy
Either by eating plants or other animals

-Hey, Alex.
-Yeah?
-Do you know anything about plants?
-Yes! What do you want to know?
-I don’t know… What do they need to live? Or, what are their most important parts?
-Sure, man! Plants rock! Listen…

Did you know that plants are also living things?
They grow and reproduce just like you and me
They’ve been here longer than what you may think
425 billion years
Plants rock, oh just remember plants rock
They’re able to make their own food, so sing this to remember plants rock

There are 4 basic needs that you must know
That all plants need to breath and grow
You must add air and nutrients from the soil
Don’t forget add water plus light from the sun
Plants rock, remember plants rock
You must add water, soil and air, plus aim it to the light from the sun

Add water! And some soil!
Plus some air! And give it just some light from the sun
You must add water, soil and air, plus aim it to the light from the sun

I’ll tell you all about the plant and all its parts
So sit right back and enjoy the ride
Plants have only 4 really important parts:
Leaves, flowers, roots and stem you know
Four parts; just remember four parts
Flowers, leaves plus roots, which are all attached by the stem

The leaves take care of absorbing light
They face the sun when it shines bright
They use some water and some CO2
This is photosynthesis it’s the way they groove
The seeds are produced in the flowers
While pollen has reproductive powers

All plants have these roots that help them to stand tall
They absorb the water and nutrients from the soil
The stem supports the plant and aims it to the sun
It sends all nutrients to leaves and flowers
Plants rock, remember plants rock
They give us all the oxygen we need, so sing this to remember plants rock.

1! Flowers! 2! Leaves! 3! Roots! 4! Stem!
Flowers, leaves plus roots, which are all attached by the stem

All living things share some basic needs
They must find a place that meets these needs
There are non-living things that affect the way they live
They make what we call an environment

An ecosystem is a system that consists
Of these living and non living things
And they all depend on each other to survive
All the living parts rely on non-living parts

Plants and animals make the living parts of an ecosystem
Water, oxygen and soil; add in temperature and you’ve got the non-living parts

All organisms live in habitats
This is their special place where they eat and live their lives
They need each other in order to survive
They live in populations and communities

The Earth has different landforms with different climates
Forming ecosystems around the world
There are land ecosystems like the desert or the tundra
And don’t forget the aquatic ones like rivers, lakes and the ocean

Plants and animals, depend on other parts of the ecosystem
They stay or leave, based on what they need and what the ecosystem gives

Ecosystems change if you give them time
This can be natural, manmade or by animals
This affects the living things in that habitat
They may go to other parts, change in order to survive

Plants and animals make the living parts of an ecosystem
Water, oxygen and soil; add in temperature and you’ve got the non-living parts
Plants and animals, depend on other parts of the ecosystem
They stay or leave, based on what they need and what the ecosystem gives

Animals are living things with all the basic needs to survive
They need Oxygen to breathe, water to drink
Food to eat, some shelter to live in
So take care of them and their habitats (X2)

Animals are classified according to the way they act
The place they live in, their size, their look and the way they breed
These traits are passed on, from the parents to their sons
So take care of them and their habitats (X2)

Most animals that live at sea,
They have some gills to help them breathe
Most animals that live on land
Will huff and puff with both their lungs

There are two major groups of animals
Some have backbones and some do not
The ones who do are vertebrates
The ones that don’t, invertebrates

Vertebrates are like you and me
There are mammals and birds and even fish
Reptiles and amphibians
Which all have backbones to help them stand

In the world there are more invertebrates
Mollusks and worms are everywhere
Arthropods have outer skeletons
Sea jellies’ bodies are soft and long

All animas go through 5 life stages
First they are born, then they grow
They all develop at different ages
And they reproduce to make newborn

These animals die making space
For the young, the strong and their new sons
This process in known as life cycle
And it goes on and on and on

Today is the day to save the animals
They give us food, and even clothes
Today is the day we all take action
As we depend on their survival
So take care of them and their habitats (X4)

Minerals make up rock
A solid object made of non-living matter
Minerals make up rock
The most common solid in our planet

Minerals have properties from which we’re able to identify them
There’s a property called streak, two others are the luster and the hardness

We use minerals everyday
Almost everything we use is made of them
Some of them are precious stones
They’re very hard to find so they have value

A penny is made of copper; gypsum and lime are used in constructions
The salt in your food and the graphite that helps you write with you pencil

Minerals are also used inside our body
Minerals we get from food we eat so we are healthy and full of energy

Rocks are non-living things
They’re made up of one or more minerals
There are rocks as tiny as sand
Or even as big as any mountain

According to the way they’re formed there are three types of rock in our planet

Igneous and sedimentary and don’t forget about the metamorphic

Soil is formed from rocks
Which are broken into tiny pieces
Soil’s between our atmosphere
And the rocky layers of our planet

There are different types of soil: clay, slit, sand and loam
Soil is also organized by layers: from topsoil to subsoil to the bedrock

We must take care of the soil so we can use it
We must compost to transform our waste to something useful and save our planet

The earth has three main layers
The surface of the earth is the crust
Beneath the crust is the mantle
A layer of very hot rock
At the center you can find the core
Made up of metal and rock
This core has two different parts
There’s and an outer core and an inner core

A landform’s a feature with a natural shape
Which can be found on the earth’s surface
Different forces can give these shapes
It can be a slow or a speedy process

There are two very slow actions
Which take years to change up a landform
There is weathering which breaks up the rocks
Using wind, ice, water or plants
Erosion picks up the pieces
And deposits them in other locations
Deposits build and stack on each other
Resulting in a brand new landform

Landforms can change in a speedy process
An earthquake is sudden, shaking all in its way
It moves up and down or sideways instead
It changes a landform from one day to the next

Volcano eruptions are fast
They change up completely a landform
They burn and cover all in their paths
And leave us with a brand new crust
Underwater quakes make tsunamis
A huge wave that comes from the ocean
Floods can cover all dry land
By rainfall, rivers or streams

The Earth is where we live! (X2)

The natural resources of the Earth can provide
Us with everything we need to live
A resource is a thing in nature that supports life
They’re found on the surface or underground

There are three types of resources
That people use on Earth
There are three types of resources
That people use on Earth

Renewable resources come from unlimited sources
While non-renewable resources come from limited sources
And reusable resources are always available
But we must be careful with the way we use them

There are three types of resources! Remember:
Renewable, non-renewable and reusable.

To protect the Earth’s resources we must cut down our trash
And stop polluting so drastically
We must practice conservation so that they don’t run out
By using all resources properly

There are three R’s, Three R’s
That we can do together
There are three R’s, Three R’s
That we must do together

Reduce what you use to produce less trash
Reuse all you can, give new use to your bags
Recycle to maintain the flowing cycle
These are the 3 R’s that can save our planet

Three R’s!
Reduce, reuse and recycle!

So remember:
The natural resources of the Earth can provide
Us with everything we need to live
We must practice conservation so that they don’t run out
By using all resources properly

Water’s an important liquid
The most useful resource here on Earth
It’s in lakes, rivers, oceans and rain
It’s everywhere

All living things need some water
We use it in many ways so we live
We drink, we sweat we carry it in our blood
Some even use it so they grow

There are two types of water, there is salt and there’s fresh
Salt is found in all oceans and seas
Fresh comes from rain and snow when it falls
When it falls

The Earth has a certain amount of water
Which is used and reused
We call this the water cycle
Water changes state as it goes on

It starts with the sun, which causes water to become vapor
Evaporation!
Water vapor goes up and cools down becoming droplets forming clouds
Condensation!
When clouds get too heavy it rains, snows or hails
Precipitation!

Water flows on the Earths surface in rivers or oceans and into the air again
We call this the Water cycle!
Water changes state as it goes on

Water states go hand in hand with
The weather and how it changes every day
Humidity, temperature and wind
All conditions of the atmosphere

There are many different types of clouds
Which appear depending on the day’s weather
There are stratus clouds, cirrus and cumulus
They help us predict a day’s weather

Stratus clouds are thin and look like a sheet
Cirrus clouds look like threads or wisps of hair
Cumulus look puffy as cotton balls!

We can measure the weather with some very simple tools
Ands satellites gather pictures from above
So we can forecast for rain or sun
And warn people way before

Matter’s anything that takes up space
It’s something that has mass so it can be weighed
Matter’s always measured accordingly
You can measure its mass or its density
‘Cause matter matters
‘Cause matter matters
Matter is measured according to the property considered,
such as length with a metric tape.

The volume is the space any object takes
You can measure it with cups or with metric tapes
Density’s the mass over an object’s size
While size can be measured by length and height
‘Cause matter matters
‘Cause matter matters
Physical properties of matter are:
color, flavor and odor,
texture, size and shape
mass and volume.

Matter can be found in one of the three states
Solid, liquid or gas. Solid, liquid or gas.
No matter what state it is, everything is still matter.

Matter can go through a physical change
It changes its appearance but not what it’s made of
A change can occur when it freezes or melts
When it’s boiled, evaporated or condensed
‘Cause matter matters
‘Cause matter matters
These physical changes can also be in
shape, size, and texture of matter.

There are some different types of change
You can mix two types of matter and make another one instead
You can mix two together or make one dissolve
These are two types of mixture anyone can solve
‘Cause matter matters
‘Cause matter matters
Matter can also go under chemical changes
These form another kind of matter.

Chemical changes can be very useful
These types of changes release energy or substances
that help us continue the process of something.

Energy’s the ability to do work, such as moving things
Energy’s needed for our bodies to grow
We can use it do things for us

In Earth, the main source of energy’s the sun
Energy’s the thing that makes change possible
What moves your car and lights the lights in your home

There are two ways energy can be grouped!
There is potential energy and there’s kinetic energy.

Potential energy is energy of position or stored,
When it’s released it helps to do work,
Kinetic energy is the energy of motion, such as in a moving body,
Like the wind, a speeding train, or a flying baseball

When motion starts, potential energy can change into kinetic energy. And when it stops moving it can be
potential energy again.

Today, we use energy in our homes; we can heat and cool
We use electricity to power our homes
To cook and to use our computers and phones

Machines get energy in many ways, such as burning fuels
While natural gas’s the most widely consumed
Source of energy that helps us heat up our food

Energy is used for transportation, for industry and manufacturing, in commercial buildings, and different
commercial actives

We can measure energy according to the type that we use
Heat can be measured with a thermometer
And wind energy’s measured with an anemometer
And light with a light meter

Energy can travel from one place to another. Some forms of energy like light and other forms of kinetic
energy move as waves.

The choices we make about how we use energy
Impact the environment and the way we live
So turn off machines if they’re not being used
And remember to recycle, reduce and reuse

Electrical energy
Is a form of energy produced by the movement of electrons
Which are tiny particles that carry an electrical charge

An electric charge is a tiny amount of energy
Particles have a positive or negative charge

Negative plus positive
They balance each other so matter has no overall charge
More negatives than positives
Result in a shock as matter has a negative charge
And more positives than negatives
They stick together as matter has a positive charge

Static electricity stays in one place
And current electricity flows through a wire
Electric circuits are paths
Controlled electric currents flow through
The path must be complete
So that energy will flow

Sources of energy
Can be changed into electricity and be useful to humans
It’s a primary thing in our lives

Conductors are materials through which electricity moves easily
While insulators are materials through which electricity doesn’t move easily

Inside a circuit
There’s a flow of electrons we all call a current
In a direct current
Electrons will flow only in one direction
While in an alternating current
They go back and forth and which is safer for our homes

A magnet is an object that is made from metal
It’s magnetic!
It attracts objects like
Iron, Steel, cobalt and certain ceramics

All magnets have two poles
One is south and the other one is north
Opposites attract while the similar one’s repel

A magnet can make electricity and electricity can make a magnet.

Electrical energy can be converted
Into heat, light and sound
Electrical energy can charge devices
Which we use all the time

The energy of moving particles is
Thermal energy or heat
It moves from warm to cool
From the hottest to the coldest thing

Heat energy affects directly the states of matter
Depending on how hot it is, matter can be solid, liquid or gas.

Light is a form of energy
Which can be seen by the eye.
It’s electromagnetic
And moves in straight lines.

But when it reaches an object
It can have many paths.
‘Cause light moves in all directions
It can reflect or refract

Light can be absorbed according to the type of object:
Translucent, opaque or transparent.

Sound is energy that can be heard
Sound’s the vibrating of any surface
Vibrations create all types of sound waves
Which move through mediums such as air and water

The strength of vibrations will determine the loudness of the sound.

Our voice is a sound produced by
The vibrations of our vocal chords
They vibrate as air flows between them
Some animals can do it too

Our ears help us hear all sounds
Our brains receive the signals
and help us recognize and differentiate sounds!

Forces act on the Universe
And in the end produce a result
A force is a dynamic influence
It’s energy that changes a body at rest to motion

There are different types of forces
You can pull, push or squeeze
There’s friction, gravity and magnetism
According to the type of forces, an object can stop, move, speed up or slow down.

Friction is a force that stops an object from sliding
It’s enhanced on uneven surfaces
But on a flat and smooth surface it is not

Gravity’s a force that’s natural on Earth
It pulls objects towards each other
And it always depends on the mass and weight
Of an object

Motion is related to a change in position
It’s the action of moving or changing place
You can move fast or slow
You can even change where you go

There are conditions that affect directly the motion of objects
Like direction, location or position
The distance it travels, and the speed it has

Forces act on the Universe
You can pull, push or squeeze
There’s friction, gravity and magnetism
Usually, there is more than one force acting on an object.

Work’s accomplished or done When a force is used and moves any object Machines make our lives easier By allowing us to do lots of work

Simple machines reduce the effort involved in moving things In most of them you add a small force to move objects that weight a lot

Machines can do great amounts of work easier and faster. However, they need a force applied for them to work. Simple machines have few or no moving parts.

Lets start with the lever It’s made up of a bar that rests on a support It’s used to lift or move loads Such as seesaws, hammers or a bottle opener

We move on to the wheel and axle A wheel turns around through the center of a bar And is used to lift or move loads Such as a doorknob or a wagon

Simple machines reduce the effort involved in moving things In most of them you add a small force to move objects that weight a lot

An inclined plane is actually a ramp. It involves a plane surface with a side at a higher level than the other.

A wedge’s made up of two sloping surfaces Usually made up of metal or wood They have the shape ‘V’ in a cross section Which is used to split or secure objects

Examples of a wedge are zippers, knifes or axes!

A screw is used to fasten materials together Such as in bolt or a jar lid It’s a plane that’s wrapped or twisted Around a center post with a head

Finally, pulleys are made of a wheel over which a pulled rope or chain passes through. This changes the direction of the pull used for lifting, lowering or moving a load!

Clusters of stars and stardust gave rise to giant galaxies
Our home’s called the Milky Way galaxy, which you see across the night sky

The Milky Way hosts many planetary systems like the solar system!

The Solar system consists of the sun
Around which planets rotate
Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune (X2)

A planet’s a celestial body that does not have its own light
Its shape is almost spherical and it revolves around the sun

Rotation movement makes the planets turn around their own axis
The Sun shines on different parts, making night and day

Translation movement makes the planets move around the Sun, following a path called an orbit.
On Earth, this results in different seasons throughout the year as the amount of sunlight reaching us changes!

The Solar system consists of the sun
Around which planets rotate
Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune

The inner planets are near to the sun
They’re Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars
They have a rocky a rocky surface
With few or no natural satellites

The exterior planets are further away
They’re Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune
They’re mainly made out of gas and ice
Have several moons and even a ring system

The Moon is Earth’s natural satellite!
At night, it looks bright but in fact it doesn’t make its own light, it only reflects light from the sun.

There are six phases of the moon:
New moon, first quarter, full moon,
Last quarter, waxing crescent and waning crescent

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